The most widely distributed member of the Percidae family, the yellow perch is one of the best-loved and most pursued of all freshwater fish, particularly in northerly states and provinces in North America. Yellow perches have the most distinguishing features, with 6-8 dark bands across their sides and black over their yellow or golden coloration. Yellow perch are also easy prey for non‐native species. The oldest reported age for a yellow perch is 11 years. Yellow perch spawning is unique; they lay their eggs in long, connected ribbons. Yellow perch (Perca flavescens) are members of the Percidae family of freshwater fish, which consists of hundreds of species, some of which are unarguably among the best-tasting freshwater fish available. Yellow perch are colored a green to yellow gold and have six to eight dark, broad vertical bars that extend from the back to below the lateral line, a whitish belly, and orange lower fins during breeding season. They are also taken recreationally mainly because of their flavor and their desire to take a baited hook. Their inclination to avoid turbid and muddy environs and to reside in clean and cool habitat accounts for their firm white flesh, which has a flavor equal to that of its cousin, the highly touted walleye. HABITAT: Yellow perch are found in ponds, lakes, the pools of creeks and slow flowing rivers. It is closely related, and morphologically similar to the European perch(Perca fluviatilis); and is sometimes considered a subspecies of its European counterpart. Yellow perch are caught on a variety of baits and lures, with live worms, live minnows, small minnow-imitating plugs, jigs, jig-and-spinner combos, spoons, and spinners being among the best attractors. LiveAbout uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Perch do not do well in small ponds or small streams. In order to compensate for the low survival rates of their eggs and juveniles, yellow perch produce large quantities of eggs. DIET: Yellow perch consume a wide variety of invertebrates and small fish species. They are also found in ponds, and occasionally rivers. Close family members include sauger and walleye. Yellow perch are schooling fish, and anglers land them in open water throughout the season; they are one of the most commonly caught species by ice anglers. The combination of protecting both shoreline and submerged aquatic vegetation and riparian buffer zones will also help to stabilize yellow perch populations. Most of the species in this family, however, are much too small to be pursued or eaten by humans, including 160 species of darters, which represent 20 percent of all fish in the United States. The best fishing locations are often the weedbeds in shallow lakes, where it is advisable to fish on or close to the bottom. Cool Facts. Yellow perch can reach a maximum length of about 16″ and weigh over 2 pounds. The perch are typically 6 to 10 inches long and weigh 1/2 to 1 … Yellow perch spawning occurs during the spring as water temperatures rise along the shorelines. This strategy enables small populations of yellow perch to rebound if favorable habitat conditions occur. Small jigs with hair or curl-tail grub bodies are especially productive. Yellow perch like clear, cold water in lakes and large ponds but will also inhabit slower moving parts of large rivers. Survival rates of juvenile yellow perch are low because many fish utilize yellow perch as their natural forage species. Yellow Perch Interesting Facts. He is a National Freshwater Fishing Hall of Famer and has written 19 books on sportfishing. Larval perch emerge from these fertilized eggs. Adult yellow perch feed on larger zooplankton, insects, young crayfish, snails, aquatic insects, fish eggs, and small fish, including the young of their own species. They are distinguished from walleye and sauger by their lack of canine teeth and by a generally deeper body form. They can also be found in brackish water. Their bodies are oblong and appear humpbacked; this is the result of the deepest part of the body beginning at the first dorsal fin, and then tapering slightly to the beginning of the second dorsal fin. They are also considered native to the Atlantic slope basin, extending south into the Savannah River into South Carolina. Yellow perch are schooling fish, and anglers land them in open water throughout the season; they are one of the most commonly caught species by ice anglers. When female yellow perch extrude their eggs, groups of male yellow perch will follow the females and fertilize their eggs by extruding milt. In the United States, yellow perch range southward into Ohio, Illinois, and throughout the majority of the northeast. Yellow perch spawn between February and July in the northern hemispheres and between August and October in the southern hemisphere. Abundant populations result in typically generous bag limits, allowing anglers to provide a family’s worth of meals on a given outing. The heaviest reported weight for a yellow perch is 1.9 kg (4.2 lbs.). Hailed by many as “the ultimate pan fish,” yellow perch is rivaled only by walleye as the most popular freshwater fish on restaurant menus. Yellow perch spawn between February and July in the northern hemispheres and between August and October in the southern hemisphere. They generally school by age class and the schools may be large, especially for the younger fish. The yellow perch was described in 1814 by Samuel Latham Mitchill from New York. They inhabit open areas of most lakes and prefer temperatures between the mid-60s and the low 70s. They are also caught during their spring spawning runs, in which they ascend tributaries and … Climbing perches have torpedo-shaped heads with an elongated body. Yellow perch are not strong fighters, but in cold water and on light spinning or spin casting gear they engage the angler in a feisty battle. The Ohio state record yellow perch weighed 2.75 pounds and was caught on Lake Erie. Yellow perch are particularly popular for ice fishing. The two dorsal fins are separated while the tail is slightly forked. Yellow perch are an important commercial species as well as recreational fish species.. Commercial and recreational fishing regulations are used to manage yellow perch populations. They are most commonly found in clear water near vegetation and tend to school near the shore during the spring. They have a … Other common names for yellow perch include American perch, coontail, lake perch, raccoon perch, rin… This is due to its availability over a wide range, the general ease with which it is caught, and its ​delicious taste. These fish are most abundant in clear, weedy lakes that have a muck, sand, or gravel bottom. Perch fish also have a very long and strong spine. They are also caught during their spring spawning runs, in which they ascend tributaries and seek warm shoreline areas in bays and back eddies. Yellow perch are found in a wide variety of warm and cool habitats over a vast range of territory, although they are primarily lake fish. The heaviest reported weight for a yellow perch is 1.9 kg (4.2 lbs.) Smaller lakes and ponds usually produce smaller fish, although, in very fertile lakes with moderate angling pressure, yellow perch can grow large. The oldest reported age for a yellow perch is 11 years. They are commonly believed to feed in the shallows at dawn and dusk, remaining inactive at night, but the conditions under which they feed and under which they can be caught vary widely with their environment and the skill of the angler. Primarily, yellow perch like cool water and will school deep wherever surface temperatures are warm, although they will move shallower to feed. Depth Range: 15m or on the bottom: Habitat: Look for the yellow perch in the southern parts of west-central and eastern Canada, South of Kansas, Missouri, Indiana, and Ohio. Yellow Perch: Family: Percidae: Identifying Characteristics: The body of the perch is elongated and slightly compressed. The yellow perch (Perca flavescens), commonly referred to as perch, striped perch, American perch or preacher is a freshwater perciform fish native to much of North America. SIZE: The common length for yellow perch is 19.1 cm (7.5 inches) with the longest reported length for yellow perch being 50 cm (19.7 inches). Ken Schultz is a fishing expert with over 30 years of experience. By using LiveAbout, you accept our, Facts About the Life and Behavior of Nile Perch, Facts About 6 of the Most Common and Popular Sunfish Species.

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