Probably the first smelting was done by accident by making a campfire on top of tin or lead ores. They were directly ancestral to the Bantu-speaking peoples who form the majority of South Africa’s population today. These metals can then be re-melted and cast into the form of ornaments, tools or weapons. On the other hand, utilization of iron for weapons put arms in the hands of the masses for the first time and set off a series of large-scale movements of peoples that did not end for 2,000 years and that changed the face of Europe and Asia. image source: http://seekingalpha.com/instablog/957061-chris-demuth-jr/2133642-gold. During this Age metalworking techniques evolved drastically. Image source: https://ogginellastoria.net/2012/11/24/24-novembre-1859-pubblicato-il-libro-di-darwin-sullevoluzione/. Iron Age, final technological and cultural stage in the Stone–Bronze–Iron Age sequence. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The way of life in the age of bronze improved greatly thanks to housing. The roof was constructed from large timbers and densely thatched. Deprived of tin by the collapse of trade, those metallurgists began learning how to work with iron. There is continuous debate to understand how the ancient people learned how to smelt. Like for the other periods of prehistory its chronological limits vary considerably according to geographical and cultural context. By 700 BCE, it had spread throughout all of Europe. What they came up with was iron that was hardly a new discovery, Yet for 800 years, ancient metallurgists preferred to work with bronze. Knowledge of iron, introduced in the 7th century, was a merely incidental fact: it does not signify a change of population. The user using an Ad Block software cannot see the latest contents. The reasons are simple: These factors were enough to dissuade most ancient metallurgists from using iron while they had the makings of bronze at their disposal. Iron, a much more resistant material, gradually replaced bronze, beginning from the Middle East and reaching southeastern Europe around 1200 BC. The date of the Iron Age varied geographically, beginning in the Middle East and southeastern Europe about 1200 BCE but in China not until about 600 CE. Therefore now it tends to indicate Iron Age not a chronological stage or an evolutionary stage, but the presence of a technique that influenced deeply and durably the cultures of some society, especially in Europe. Knowledge of iron, introduced in the 7th century, was a merely incidental fact: it does not signify a change of population. How was the transition from Bronze to Iron Age? Ironworking first began in what is now Turkey between 1500 and 1300 BCE, but the new technology was kept secret at first. The date of the full Iron Age, in which this metal for the most part replaced bronze in implements and weapons, varied geographically, beginning in the Middle East and southeastern Europe about 1200 bce but in China not until about 600 bce. Premium Membership is now 50% off! info source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/british_prehistory/ironage_intro_01.shtml, image source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/z8bkwmn. Israelites, Philistines and Arameans, among others, are identified as "peoples" for the first time. The multiple ramparts at Maiden Castle, an Iron Age hill fort in Dorset, England. The Iron Age The Iron Age is the final technological and cultural stage in the Stone–Bronze–Iron sequence. Corrections? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Iron-Age, Ancient History Encyclopedia - The People of Iron Age Britain, Encyclopedia of Alabama - Biography of Alexis Herman, Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine - Iron Age, Iron Age - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Iron Age - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Because of its importance within the domestic sphere, the fire would have been maintained 24 hours a day. With the large-scale production of iron implements came new patterns of more permanent settlement. Deprived of their choice metal, ancient metallurgists cast about to find a new material to work with. Because the first farmers had knowledge of ironworking, their archaeological sites are characterized as Iron Age ( c. 200 ce ). Updates? The main frame of the roundhouse would have been made of upright timbers, which were interwoven with coppiced wood  to make wattle walls. Although in the Middle East iron had limited use as a scarce and precious metal as early as 3000 bce, there is no indication that people at that time recognized its superior qualities over those of bronze. Some civilizations never knew the Iron Age, while having a social development and / or considerable technical, such as pre-Columbian civilizations. Iron Age, final technological and cultural stage in the Stone–Bronze–Iron Age sequence in which iron for the most part replaced bronze in … It was then that they made an important discovery. The Iron Age. All of the domestic life would have occurred within the roundhouse. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. This was the heart of the house  to provide cooked food, warmth and light. New groups of people arriving in South Africa at that time had strong connections to East Africa. The Iron Age began around 1200 BCE when the use of iron had become widespread in the eastern Mediterranean. The centuries 700–400, Highly interesting artistic flowerings occurred in Spain at the end of the protohistoric era. http://seekingalpha.com/instablog/957061-chris-demuth-jr/2133642-gold, http://study.com/academy/lesson/iron-vs-bronze-history-of-metallurgy.html, http://kids.britannica.com/elementary/art-89117/People-in-eastern-Europe-made-iron-tools-more-than-2400, http://www.theshorterword.com/stone-bronze-iron, http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20160503-why-ancient-brits-threw-out-their-most-valuable-possessions, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/british_prehistory/ironage_intro_01.shtml, https://ogginellastoria.net/2012/11/24/24-novembre-1859-pubblicato-il-libro-di-darwin-sullevoluzione/, Tim Berners Lee and The invention of the Web, Trompe-l’œil / Deceive The Eye – i Design, Bronze and tin are relatively easy to extract from ore, whereas iron ore requires a much more energy intensive and, Bronze can be easily melted in a pot over a fire while working.

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