Many people of the Halychyna region were depicted holding bartka, particularly members of the local peasant resistance of the 19th century known as opryshky, often being associated with their more prominent leader Oleksa Dovbush. These, by the way, are probably the most underestimated survival tools I know. Besides the common Eastern steppe varieties, Avar influence too can be felt on the Hungarian shepherd's axes. A small metal head-piece is sharp on one side while the other side is flat and can be used as a hammer. In the Slovak culture, the shepherd's axe was popularized by local historical legend Juraj Jánošík. This article does not contain any citations or references. The first users of the shepherd's axe were Eurasian nomads. Vlach shepherds brought their shepherd's axes into Central Europe when they migrated along the Carpathian Mountains and Dinaric Mountains from the 14th through 17th centuries[citation needed][verification needed][7] These were used by shepherds as versatile tools, providing a small axe, a supplemental hammer and a walking stick. "Romanian"[4]; Ukrainian: бартка, bartka, топірець, topirets'). Shepherd's axe The Shepherd's axe (Slovak: valaška, Hungarian: fokos, Polish: depending on region - ciupaga, rabanica, uobuszek, cekanka, Czech: valaška, Romanian: baltag, Ukrainian: бартка, топірець) is a long thin light axe used in past centuries by shepherds in the Carpathian Mountains, especially in Slovakia, Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine and Hungary. The first users of the shepherd's axe were Eurasian nomads. In Slovakia and Poland, shepherd's axes were inseparable tools of native shepherds, together with heavy decorative belts. In Slovakia and Poland, shepherd's axes were inseparable tools of native shepherds, together with heavy decorative belts. At present, shepherd's axes are still made and sold as souvenirs and for decorative purposes. Watch the video of common usage of Valaška. Hungarian shepherds in the northern regions used them also as tools. Some smiths used many different, elaborated stamps. [5] Many of them were found in Avar graves. The shepherd's axe - also known as a valaska (Slovak, Czech), fokos (Hungarian), ciupaga (Polish) and many other names. Articles containing Hungarian-language text, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing non-English-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles needing factual verification from June 2019, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Honfoglalás kori fokosok, balták és bárdok, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Shepherd%27s_axe?oldid=4784109. Some smiths used many different, elaborated stamps. It is also depicted on Scythian imagery. From the 14th through 17th centuries[citation needed], shepherd's axes were brought into Central Europe along the Carpathian Mountains and Dinaric Mountains by shepherd migrants called Vlachs. A shepherd’s axe is a light axe with a long and straight wooden shaft, often with a metal tip at the base. The head-piece is formed to fit comfortably into the hand so the shepherd's axe could be used as a walking stick. Hungarian shepherds in the northern regions used them also as tools. Occasionally they may be seen in the rural parts of the country where older men still use them as walking sticks. It is an axe with a typical shape for a long Topor (handle), so you could use as well as support staff or walking stick. The main motifs were the sun, stars (whirl), comets, tree of life, flowers, trees such as fir or spruce, and various geometric designs. The tool you just have to have whenever going into nature, or for your own personal colection. [6] Apart from them, the Bulgars and also the Alans and Slavs used similar weapons[citation needed]. The head-piece is formed to fit comfortably into the hand so the shepherd's axe could be used as a walking stick. It has symbolic historical and cultural connotations and is still used as a prop in many traditional dances, for example the odzemok. The length of the shaft is usually slightly more than 1 metre. Many are considered works of art (esp. Made in Kingdom of Wallachia. In Hungary, modified axes were also used as martial weapons by Hungarian warriors in the early modern period, used, for example, in the 18th century in Rákóczi's War for Independence against Austrian soldiers. All-wood decorative replica of a shepherd's axe, Romanian ("Vlach") shepherd in Banat, sporting a shepherd's axe (Auguste Raffet, c. 1837). [6] Apart from them, the Bulgars and also the Alans and Slavs used similar weapons[citation needed]. For information about how to add references, see Template:Citation. The main motifs were the sun, stars (whirl), comets, tree of life, flowers, trees such as fir or spruce, and various geometric designs. Many people of the Halychyna region were depicted holding bartka, particularly members of the local peasant resistance of the 19th century known as opryshky, often being associated with their more prominent leader Oleksa Dovbush. [5] They were skillfully stamped/adorned according to ancient tradition. A shepherd's axe is a light axe with a long and straight wooden shaft, often with a metal butt. The first users of the shepherd's axe were Eurasian nomads. They are rarely used as tools or weapons. At present, shepherd's axes are still made and sold as souvenirs and for decorative purposes. [1] The features of a shepherd's axe combine a tool with a walking stick, that could be used as a light weapon. Today's shepherd's axes are mostly decorative, some having golden or silver head-pieces (mostly brass, iron, chromed iron, wood or aluminum - it is rare that any axe head would be made of solid gold or silver). This article does not contain any citations or references. As far as I am able to tell, the Shepherd’s Axe may have started life back in the 9 th century as a Hungarian fighting axe. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.

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