If the stem ends in the 5-letter rule (ш, щ, ч, ж, ц), or the adjective has the soft ending -ний, the ending is -ем. If you have a good grasp of gender and number, you'll find these suffixes very easy to remember. This states that, if the stem ends in ж, ц, ч, ш, or щ, any unstressed o in an ending is instead written as e. For example, 'the good letter' is written хорошее письмо (and not хорошое письмо). For example, 'I wrote a letter to him' would place 'letter' in the accusative case as it's the direct object of the verb, while 'to him' would be the word 'him' placed in the dative case. In Russian language, there are six cases. To put a word into its genitive form you should add a certain ending to it. In Russian, adjectives agree with nouns in gender, number and case. The genitive case is relatively easy, especially compared with how nouns decline in this case. Russian Guides and Exercises with Golosa/ ... Genitive case of pronouns. This is only used after four prepositions (в, на, о(б), and при), as discussed more thoroughly on it's dedicated page. Plural adjectives, regardless of gender, are also split according to animation: inanimate plural adjectives take their nominative form, while animate ones take their genitive form. (0064g) Genitive forms of nouns. Note that with these genitive endings there's a new pronunciation rule: -ого is pronounced 'oh-vo', not 'oh-goh', and -его is pronounced 'ye-vo', not 'ye-goh'. Adjectives in the Russian genitive case are difficult as well. In other words, dative plural adjectives end in -ым, unless they end in the 7-letter rule (г, к, х, ш, щ, ж, ч), in which case the ending is -им. For example, I want a new rabbit - Я хочу нового кролика. Those which end in -ий have -ими. One of them is Genitive case. For adjectives ending in the 5-letter rule or soft ending, the instrumental ending is ей. Normal Adjectives. Adjectives. So, if the noun is in Genitive (Gen.), the adjective must be in Genitive too. In fact, all three endings (-ый, -ий, and -ой) are 'hard'. Adjectives in the dative case conjugate as follows: Masculine and neuter adjectives end in -ому. Declension of Adjectives. For now, we only need to know that an adjective can have four different endings in the nominative case: masculine, feminine, neuter, and plural. Additionally, the genitive case is used with quantities, such as many, few, a little, a lot, and several. The dictionary form of a Russian adjective is normally the normal, nominative, masculine form. [table] [tr][th]Masculine[/th] [th]Feminine[/th] [th]Neuter[/th] [th]Plural[/th][/tr] [tr][td]-ого[/td] [td]-ой[/td] [td]-ого[/td] [td]-ых[/td][/tr] [/table] You just need to change the ending of the adjective with–ого for masculine, -ой for feminine,-ого for neuter, and –ыхif the noun is plural. These have endings like -ский, -овой, and -ной (e.g., братский). For example, I want a new chair and a new letter - Я хочу новый стул и новое письмо. The default form of an adjective is its nominative, masculine, singular form, and this is the form given in dictionaries. The first pronoun in a pair is in the Nominative case, the second one is in the Genitive case. could be written in Russian using the usual, 'long-form' adjecitve: Я счастли́вый! The change of adjectives depending on cases is called declension. One rather rare exception to the above rules is if the adjective ends in the so-called 'soft' ending, -ний, such as синий (dark blue). Plural adjectives are like plural nouns in the dative form, in that they're the same as their instrumental cousins, only without the end и. For example, 'They like to live in big red houses' - Они любят жить в больших красных домах.

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