37.440000 0.0 Td (M. ) Tj ET /F0 8.280000 Tf 23.580000 0.0 Td 3 Tr 0 0 0 rg 32.040000 0.0 Td (regresso ) Tj (Raptor ) Tj (Bay ) Tj Tj 10.440000 0.0 Td /F0 8.280000 Tf (Centre ) Tj BT 11.520000 0.0 Td (Bald ) Tj 1.000000 0 0 1 41.400000 185.760000 Tm 31.860000 0.0 Td 41.220000 0.0 Td 10.440000 0.0 Td 27.900000 0.0 Td (Inc. ) Tj (but ) Tj 3 Tr 0 0 0 rg (an ) Tj (ARTIFICIAL ) Tj (�a��cZR�0:����~�B��~��>�RT�+J��\B.ީx�]���p�P��X�a�/\�:���'��_�M��$��V�$����Z����Z���V7�x�f��z�U�4��W��A������ץ��[��^�}*ׄ��.��A�t�^�O���:N��,�Z��/A7_�^�������5��� �K���������~���K��MQÑ3��M�:�%ׯ���>�t�_БZӰ�= (in ) Tj (pajaritos. ) 0.000000 0.0 Td 23.760000 0.0 Td )ؙ���Ḑ32)"RE�K�#r.�M��6� ��g�@�_n^삅��C�[HG� ��=.\���t%����AV�A��4J���UT�t�MH���.��f[�����aa���. (5050 ) Tj 30.960000 0.0 Td 28.980000 0.0 Td ]iEi%��J�z�Aii(A��׮�W�������J��K�Z�p�*U�)-}$�T��^�%U�菘UCKIj������^ץ�u_U�V�)%�U��kZ�It���F�ּt��R��Z]�Ѻ���KJ���zJ��ֺ��U]j�H:����_��^��}ii.��Vȡ�ii-%U���]z��^�^����#���WI*J��$�kZ�t��֖�'K��ZI*����i~�ͭ*�T�� 78.840000 0.0 Td (Haliaeetus ) Tj 28.080000 0.0 Td 31.860000 0.0 Td (Burlington, ) Tj 10.080000 0.0 Td (Ontario ) Tj endobj 20.520000 0.0 Td (World ) Tj 37.260000 0.0 Td (los ) Tj 3 Tr 0 0 0 rg 14.220000 0.0 Td (attempts, ) Tj 0.000000 0.0 Td 1.000000 0 0 1 248.580000 185.220000 Tm 34.920000 0.0 Td 41.040000 0.0 Td (Centre ) Tj 12.960000 0.0 Td Q �R��j�� (PJ. ) 28.260000 0.0 Td 22.140000 0.0 Td (2M3 ) Tj (duction ) Tj (loss ) Tj (Laheshore ) Tj ��k��_�/�תZtc�11Zפb��1ѿI5R�Z�������Lif:�zF=t����K��t�U�����W���]�ֽ*Ij'ZKI*S�KK��ֽ$�J�+�KUT�Z�u]��T��ֺ�^��������t���__�_R�@(�P)b��*��J�����-'B�&�L*I�%t�j굤�V�-WU�/�a%�*ч�zA0���M=����]q�g �a0�M0��0T��M0�Bka! (to ) Tj 1.000000 0 0 1 248.760000 163.980000 Tm (10 ) Tj Photo by Bryan Watts. 45.720000 0.0 Td 39.060000 0.0 Td /F0 7.920000 Tf 16.200000 0.0 Td 11.700000 0.0 Td Tj 24.300000 0.0 Td 20.700000 0.0 Td 19.800000 0.0 Td Tj 19.440000 0.0 Td 16.920000 0.0 Td 32 0 obj (2S8 ) Tj 44.100000 0.0 Td 3 Tr 0 0 0 rg 45.180000 0.0 Td 0000000786 00000 n 10.080000 0.0 Td 15.840000 0.0 Td 11.880000 0.0 Td BT ����������������������������������������A�(dt_ YDvv���P���A�� 34.200000 0.0 Td With the expansion of cell towers in the late 1990s and early 2000s we began to observe eagles adopting these structures for nesting. 1.000000 0 0 1 174.780000 522.720000 Tm /F0 9.180000 Tf 39.420000 0.0 Td 37.080000 0.0 Td (orous ) Tj (enseguida ) Tj 3 Tr 0 0 0 rg (Applied ) Tj (they ) Tj In many ways, cell towers are ideal nesting platforms. 0.000000 0.0 Td (shores ) Tj �v�M�����l �6%a��D0¦���m�l4�#�b�In���ؠ@⢰A��c64F� $�m�I�cA���NҴ�Vӈ�T�J�T�mx`��a5�0�d|�� �BP�a��"�I�i����i4�dH�H0� � � �ت��`���E��A��"�a4�h3Z&w(t����PU�&���ޝ�ODDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDC���_].�K����������������� (teniendo ) Tj (to ) Tj 28.800000 0.0 Td 3 Tr 0 0 0 rg BT 14.040000 0.0 Td 33.660000 0.0 Td ��A6�O�U�_K�Iuڥ�M��������Z�����]-k���M�R����u�����$�K���#��#?��Z�4��1����N�RT�F��1f5�}*STC���ZJcͤ�ꍥ� ($ 0.000000 0.0 Td (para ) Tj 1.000000 0 0 1 140.400000 601.920000 Tm BT (impairments ) Tj (approximately ) Tj 38.700000 0.0 Td ET (in ) Tj 8.820000 0.0 Td (such ) Tj Press releases startxref (L ) Tj 19.980000 0.0 Td Tj We never anticipated that eagles would adopt these platforms … BT (NESTING ) Tj (Talbot ) Tj �B�!4�&!`��LBb��T�U1��LP`˄bw b�&'Ba�X�΃l �3Ĩ�6������� (in ) Tj 3 Tr 0 0 0 rg 0000000387 00000 n (Ocho ) Tj 16.020000 0.0 Td (Eglinton ) Tj Keywords: bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus, artificial nests, nest construction Introduction Constructing artificial nests and nest structures (such as poles, towers, platforms, boxes, and baskets) to replace fallen nests, enhance potential breeding habitat, or encourage relocation of nesting activity is an established practice for raptor management (Call 1979, Olendorff et al. 16.740000 0.0 Td 0.000000 0.0 Td 8.460000 0.0 Td (between ) Tj (settlement; ) Tj 61.200000 0.0 Td (Bald ) Tj 3 Tr 0 0 0 rg 1.000000 0 0 1 38.700000 531.720000 Tm (animar ) Tj 1.000000 0 0 1 55.980000 322.380000 Tm 15.660000 0.0 Td 1.000000 0 0 1 217.800000 577.980000 Tm 45.540000 0.0 Td 18.720000 0.0 Td (and ) Tj 15.840000 0.0 Td BT In the spring of 2005 a pair of Bald Eagles nested successfully on a 1.4 × 1.4 m nest platform atop a 27 m utility pole constructed in 2001. /F0 8.100000 Tf 10.080000 0.0 Td (nesting ) Tj 1.000000 0 0 1 55.980000 357.480000 Tm (numbers ) Tj (Canada. ) (Ontario. ) (breeding ) Tj 42.840000 0.0 Td 16.560000 0.0 Td 45.540000 0.0 Td 9.000000 0.0 Td 16.740000 0.0 Td 25.200000 0.0 Td 32.040000 0.0 Td 1.000000 0 0 1 55.980000 253.080000 Tm BT (Canadian ) Tj !�1�E��,�z8�g�g�ޚ��E�D�CEۯ)�HxlRA �D��vB��]~�m���_T�)W 18.360000 0.0 Td (the ) Tj 1987). 28.260000 0.0 Td 23.580000 0.0 Td 12.240000 0.0 Td (Grier ) Tj 3 Tr 0 0 0 rg [ /PDF Given their availability, it is surprising that cell towers have not been adopted more widely. (the ) Tj (la ) Tj 11.700000 0.0 Td 44.460000 0.0 Td 23.220000 0.0 Td ET 3 Tr 0 0 0 rg 3 Tr 0 0 0 rg 31.680000 0.0 Td (breeding ) Tj BT 25.920000 0.0 Td (de ) Tj 12.240000 0.0 Td (un ) Tj (1997 ) Tj During the 2020 nesting season we documented the use of three low osprey platforms by nesting eagles. ET However, within the upper reaches where pine forests are replaced by hardwood forests they use a wide variety of hardwood species. 0.000000 0.0 Td /F0 8.280000 Tf 3 Tr 0 0 0 rg (From ) Tj 17.280000 0.0 Td 49.680000 0.0 Td Staff endobj (ensur ) Tj (this ) Tj 1.000000 0 0 1 40.680000 77.580000 Tm (formas ) Tj 1.000000 0 0 1 32.580000 644.220000 Tm (Mandeville ) Tj (al. ) (mid-1940s ) Tj 18.720000 0.0 Td (levantadas ) Tj (y ) Tj (De ) Tj (P ) Tj 12.420000 0.0 Td /F0 9.180000 Tf (Lake ) Tj 22.680000 0.0 Td Tj 1.000000 0 0 1 56.700000 387.360000 Tm 0.000000 0.0 Td 3 Tr 0 0 0 rg 21.420000 0.0 Td BT :�B!�!���(֏�-�/��q"nH"p!���@�0��xA��y��ςC�,�p��t����'�����O���5�;h��N/����M~>��\��M�*l0�l�a�V���t�H8dv�>���I���"�D��l2S������?������t�I~�}�WM�]=u���M�����և���x�('oj�B��zM��io���a ��WZ������������n��{���k����z��Y_���_����B�Db�_��DhP�c��������n�?K����n�����������ֺ������o|/�������� /���/����'���������������t����/��`�^��om/����t����}�J����ץ�����m�����������Y �h���״����o^�m/����ԟ��um%�׵W4սz�]�4�4�sO����� ��,I�J

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